The Janu means Knee joint and Basti – means to hold (compartment which holds)
Thus Janu Vasti means a treatment in which medicated oils are poured and pooled for a fixed duration of time in a compartment or a cabin constructed around the knee joint / joints using wet flour of black gram.
In simple words, Janu Vasti is pain relieving oil-pooling treatment conducted for knee pain caused due to many causes
Vasti or Basti is a term used to describe the urinary bladder in Ayurveda. Urinary bladder is a bag which holds urine for a certain amount of period till it is voided. Janu basti is one of the upakarma (sub-type) of Panchakarma. The word janu refers to knees and Basti stands for container or retaining something inside mainly the medicated oil. This procedure is done in order to strengthen the knee architecture i.e muscles, joints and improvise the functions of knee joint thereby preventing it from further degenerative changes.
Similarly in Janu Vasti a compartment (cabin or compound like structure) is constructed around the knee joint (front or back, depending on where the site of degeneration or inflammation or injury is present) by using flour of black gram and the pain relieving medicated (herbal) oils are pooled and left in place (retained) in this compartment for a fixed duration of time. Therefore the procedure is called Janu Vasti.
The patient is made to sit in a comfortable position with both legs extended. The mould is fixed on one or both knees made with the help of the kneaded black gram dough of suitable height. Medicated oil of suitable temperature is poured inside the prepared wall and retained for about 30-40minutes. The warmth of the oil is maintained throughout the procedure. At the end of the procedure the dough is removed, a gentle massage is given over the area. The person is made to take rest for a while.
1) Relief from knee pain.
2) Improvement in the movement of knee joints.
3) Reduction in the swelling.
4) Increased weight bearing capacity.
Sublaxation of knee joint